The Bosnian mess is getting worse
by the day. Yet, the American people are kept
in the dark by a misinformation cabal and a MASTERFUL CENSORSHIP OF TRUTH
that would have made many dictators envious. Instead of enlightenment,
a new science of victimology has been developed to hide facts and force
upon us a policy based on emotions.
Everywhere I traveled and every
conference I attended in the past four years, one question always pops
up: Where is the other side to the Bosnia story?
I have no answer. But out of civic duty and being a professor who
taught (and wrote extensively) Balkan affairs for a quarter of a century
I hereby offer Bosnia 101. The course has no prerequisites.
It was an administrative unit (republic) of the Former Yugoslav Federation.
On April 6 1992 it declared independence in violation
of Helsinki accords, the CSCE process and its own constitution.
never a Bosnian state nor a Bosnian nation. Over 80% its inhabitants are
Serbs in origin, 44 percent of which converted to Islam in the 16th century.
The rest are Croats but they all speak the same language and share the
Why do they hate each other is
traceable to World War II.
Here is what happened in Yugoslavia during that time: the Croats
established a Nazi puppet state, declared war on the western allies and
approximately 860,000 SERBS, Jews and Gypsies. Upon
[the recent] independence, the first thing they did was to destroy
the Jasenovac memorial to their
victims; it was too visible a reminder to their
atrocities. The Bosnians
responded to a higher call: The Mufti
of Jerusalem had promised to Hitler and delivered two Islamic Divisions
to help assure Fuhrer's victory, who in turn would help the Mufti cleanse
Jerusalem of all Jews. The most notorious of the two Muslim outfits was
the SS Hanjar (Cleaver) maned by
the direct ancestors of some of today's Bosnian leaders. Not to be outdone,
the Albanian Muslims of Kosovo, too, fielded the SS Skenderbeg, which
slaughtered thousands of Serbs and expelled
even more from their homes. The Slovenes had it much easier: they were
declared members of the "Aryan race," were drafted into the Nazi army,
fought and died in Nazi uniforms in Montecassino and Stalingrad. Finally
the Serbs and Montenegrins fought
on the side of the allies and the cause
of democracy only to be told today that they are the Fascists. With such
a caricature of history, no wonder they are telling the rest of the world
to go to hell. Finally, in 1963
Tito, a Communist, and by
definition an atheist, invoked religion (Islam) and declared existence
of a new nation in Yugoslavia: the Muslims.
Accords: The Islamic
leaders of Bosnia violated these accords, the CSCE process and
the constitution of Bosnia Hercegovina when they declared independence
in 1992. The center piece of Helsinki accords was the finalization and
acceptance of post-world war II European borders as inviolable. Changes
of borders could come only by peaceful means and after negotiations and
agreement among parties affected. Peaceful change of borders (even when
caused by declaration of independence as was the case of Bosnia) meant,
above all else, adherence to the constitutional provisions of parties affected.
The Bosnian constitution in effect when Muslims declared independence (with
the tacit support of Croats) required a consensus of the three ethnic groups,
Croats , Muslims and Serbs (not a technical majority) prior to secession
from the Yugoslav Federation. The plurality group, i.e. the Muslims, violated
this provision. The Serbs opted for the mountains.
of Bosnia, father of the Bosnian mess and author of
the Islamic Declaration:
A program for the Islamization of the Muslims and the Muslim Peoples
(Sarajevo, 1990). In this treatise Izetbegovic offers his "vision" for
Bosnia and the Muslim world. Here I will selectively quote few passages
from the 1990 edition (which he never renounced) on issues that the western
press choose to ignore, perhaps fearing that the American people might
understand why the Serbs fight on.
Islamic declaration," Izetbegovic assured
us, "can and should take over power as soon as it is morally and numerically
strong enough to be able to overturn not only the existing non-Islamic
government [of Bosnia] but also to build a new Islamic one." (p. 56). For
the Serbs this meant that when Muslims reach 51% percent of the population
in Bosnia in short six years, given their birth rate and other means. The
Islamic order which would follow this overturn is defined as " a unity
of religion and law, upbringing and power, ideal and interest." (p. 26).
In this new order citizenship, too, is given an Islamic bend. "In the Muslim
world," Izetbegovic admonishes, "there is no patriotism without Islam."
(p. 64) In short, in this ideal state, the only way left for the Serbs
to be considered full citizens and "patriots" would have been conversion
to Islam. That is what their ancestors did in 16th century to please the
Sultan and earn the right to own Orthodox Christian serfs and append the
suffix "-bey" to their last names. Finally, in Izetbegovic's "Islamic order"
separation of doctrine and faith from politics has no place. "There can
be neither peace nor co-existance between the Islamic religion and the
non-Islamic social and political institutions." (p. 30)
Bosnia: On March
18, 1992, or twenty three days prior to any shot being fired or a life
lost in Bosnia, the European Community, following Helsinki and CSCE principles,
summoned the leaders of the three Bosnian ethnic groups to Lisbon. They
were persuaded to reach a consensus prior to the declaration of independence,
as required by their Constitution. The leaders of these groups SIGNED an
agreement, MAPS AND ALL, which became known as the Lisbon Agreement.
Concessions were made on all sides. The Serbs agreed to a 44% of the territory
(for local administrative purposes only) and the new state would have only
one international personality. The Europeans envisioned a loose confederate
system with borders to be recognized by all, including rump Yugoslavia
(Serbia and Montenegro). A strong central government, proportionally representing
all groups, and a rotating presidency were part of the accords, as was
the case up to that point. The Lisbon Agreement
was torpedoed ten days later by the
then U.S. ambassador to Belgrade, Warren
Zimmermann, who lately expounds a wimpy mea culpa. Zimmermann
appeared in Sarajevo on March 28, 1992 as Izetbegovic's Deus ex Machina.
The American diplomat thought the solution achieved in Lisbon to the thorny
Bosnian problem would set a bad precedent for the former Soviet Union that
was also collapsing along ethnic lines.
Izetbegovic, who always dreamed
of a unitary Islamic state, was encouraged by our Ambassador to withdraw
his signature. Thirteen days later, full scale civil war commenced. Who
started it? Izetbegovic's boys. Among their other "achievements", they
can also claim the slaughtered 92 cadets of "Marshal Tito Military Academy,"
Yugoslavia's equivalent to Westpoint. A solemn promise by Izetbegovic "of
free passage" meant nothing. These boys, ages 17-21, who had yet to fire
rifle, were cut to peaces while sitting in their buses. General Ratko Mladic
promised never to forget that atrocity.
Minister of Bosnia. Educated in Bengazi Libya and received some training
in PLO tactics in Beirut and Bekka valley. He maintains extensive
business interests in Libya where in the 1980s he was receiving preferential
treatment in construction contracts. Among the "business" projects that
Silajdzic was in involved in Tripoli was Quaddafi's Chemical Weapons factory,
for which [West] Germans provided the scientific know how. The Bosnian
Prime Minister is one of few Washington-decrees "Democrats" on a first
name relationship with Muamar [Quaddafi].
Havens: Enclaves which were supposed to
protect civilians from the war's harm. Under U.N. auspices, they have been
converted into staging grounds by Muslims who,
like their counterparts in Lebanon, use civilians as shields
to commence operations against the Serbs. When the later respond, CNN is
conveniently there to record the event and the U.S. Air Force (with a NATO
hat ) could be occasionally employed to even the scores. Since
1993 all so-called safe havens have been converted into arms production
centers. Bihac, for example, was prior to the war a major conventional
arms and munitions production center. Under the "safe-haven designation,"
it was restored to full capacity with the help of Turkey and the Iranian
Ayatollahs. Gorazde, a city often in the news
but never explained why,
has a large and efficient munitions plant. Loads of raw materials labeled
"fertilizers" are routinely allowed into the city while the U.N. "peacekeepers"
look the other way. As far as I can tell, Gorazde is the only city with
Cleansing and Refugees: A policy of removing
people from their homes by force. The term was coined by former Yugoslav
president and historian, Dobrica Cosic, in reference to
the forced expulsion of Serbs
from Kosovo by Albanians.
The Albanians had succeeded in reducing
the Serb population of the province from 37% in 1965 to approximately 10%
in 1981. That is the year Slobodan Milosevic was born politically,
by promising to the Kosovo Serbs "no body will beat you again." The term
"ethnic cleansing" is now ascribed exclusively to Serbs. Yet, 37% of all
refugees in former Yugoslavia are Serbs, or a total of 575,000. One wonders
where they came from and where their homes are. Moreover, 120,000
Bosnian Muslims have sought refuge in Serbia-Montenegro, the land of their
"enemy". These facts, too, are ignored by the press and
the Washington officialdom. Their revelation would probably undermine the
simplistic notion "one victim, one enemy."
Foreign Policy: Since
the Gulf War, American foreign policy has been privatized and tribalized.
Smart public relations operatives ( most of them recycled policy-makers)
laugh all the way to the bank with foreign or domestic ethnic money, pumped
into their accounts. The payback is "policy influence." The "lap-top bombardiers"
have no fear of their kids being killed in a foreign war. They saw
to it, long ago, that there will be no military draft. Their tender offspring
are safe in the Ivy League sanctuaries preparing for the inevitable "hardships"
of Madison Avenue, Wall Street, think thanks or K street. Other peoples
sons and daughters, poor ghetto boys and girls, will do the fighting. it
is their job, we are told; ours is a professional military.
Bill Clinton told us "Bosnia
is not about Bosnia"; and Robert D. Kaplan told us why. The "Balkan region,"
Kaplan wrote, "except for the cold war era - is the Middle East." Leverage
with Arabs, he argued "is slipping due to the ... administration's failure
in Bosnia." In this topsy turvy world where peace in the Middle East and
access to Arab pockets are facilitated by war in the Balkans, truth is
the victim. PR people and image-makers, with accounts to be concerned about,
positioned themselves as the dominant sources of information on Bosnia.
Revisions will come later, when they will be searching the globe for new
victims to defend on a fee for services basis.