Without permission, for fair use only:
'Eden' of Sarajevo Disappeared in WWII
The following letter was written by
Dr. Alfred Lipson, a survivor of the Nazi death camp at Auschwitz to the editor of
"Forward", a Jewish weekly published in New York City. It appeared on Armistice Day,
Dr. Lipson is a Senior Researcher
at Holocaust Resource Center and Archives, Queensborough Community College Of
the City University of New York, Bayside, N.Y.
Jo-Ann Mort's analysis of
Bosnian conflict ("Forced Into Fundamentalism", Forward, Oct. 14) is simplistic
and misleading. Ms. Mort refers to Sarajevo in glowing terms as "a secular,
tolerant, multi-cultural Eden" and she fears that "After more than 400 years
of enlightenment, Sarajevo could lose its crowning achievements---tolerance
For your readers'
information, the "Eden" of Sarajevo was
shattered more than 50 years ago, when Bosnia was part of the Independent
State of Croatia established by Nazi Germany in 1941. By early 1942, the
community's "crowning achievements" and Jewish life in Bosnia and Croatia
had been extinguished. Thousands of men, women, and children were taken to
the hastily built Jasenovac camp and
murdered byu the Muslim
S.S. units and the Croatian Ustasha, with one German officer acting as observer.
More than 60,000 Jews died, along with 27,000 Gypsies. The Serbs, the only anti-Nazi
ethnic group in Yugoslavia, suffered the greatest losses---1.5 million.
Ms. Mort calls for "a strategic
and forceful response" by America lest the Bosnian "friendly, secular nation" be forced
into fundamentalism. I suggest that had the Serbs not
fought against Bosnia's secession from Yugoslavia, a Muslim fundamentalist regime
would have been a "fait accompli".
Izetbegovic, Bosnia's president, has not kept his dream a secret---the
dream to establish the first Islamic state in Europe---as published in
his 1970 "Islamic
Haris Silajdzic, Bosnia's prime minister, and a Holocaust denier, as well
as other members of his government, maintain close ties with Libya and Iran,
which have given generous financial support to the
[ Jewish view ]
[ Resurrected Turkish Empire]
[ Resurrected Nazi Croatia ]
Where am I? PATH: