Serbs and Jews
While talking about the horrors of the Holocaust,
Jewish literature tends to be ethnocentric. It is understandable to a certain
degree. Still, when talking about suffering in Yugoslavia, all of the literature
talks with one voice about "Serbs and Jews"... For Jews and Serbs
the destiny was the same.
"Encyclopedia of The Holocaust"
In many volumes of this book one can find many references on suffering
of Serbs and Jews in Yugoslavia. Just look for: Croatia, Serbia, Jasenovac,
Pavelic, Hussein al-, ... In the chapter on Croatia it says: "THE
USTASHA REGIME IN CROATIA, AND PARTICULARLY THIS DRIVE IN THE SUMMER OF
1941 TO EXTERMINATE AND DISPOSSESS THE SERBS, WAS ONE OF THE MOST HORRENDOUS
EPISODES OF WORLD WAR II . THE MURDER METHODS APPLIED BY THE USTASHA
WERE EXTRAORDINARILY PRIMITIVE AND SADISTIC."
Martin Gilbert: "The Holocaust"
This historian, the official biographer of Winston Churchill says: "in
Yugoslavia, Hitler had an ideological and physical ally in the Croat Ustashi
Helen Fein: "Accounting for Genocide"
This renowned historian says:"[Already] by June 1941, signs on public
establishments [in Nazi Independent State of Croatia] read, NO
SERBS, JEWS, NOMADS, AND DOGS ALLOWED. She clearly states:"...Nonpartisan
sources agree that mass genocide was authorized by the state of Croatia.
They concur the state instigated, planned, and executed masses against
the Serbian Orthodox minority ...and that the Catholic clergy approved,
led, or failed to denounce these massacres."
Raul Hilberg: "The Destruction of the European Jews"
This is probably the best known book on the Jewish holocaust. It consists
of two large volumes.
Briefly, this is what Dr. Hilberg says: Since April 1941, Serbia was under
German occupation. But proud Serbs could never stand oppression. Soon they
started uprising. Unlike anywhere else in occupied Europe, angry Nazi Germans
invented 1:100 formula. For every German soldier killed 100 civilian hostages
would be executed. Jewish male population was first among the hostages.
Croatian Ustashi then finished (by use of gas vans)
Jewish women and children of Serbia. This is how German Nazi commander
of occupied Serbia could brag that "Jewish question in Serbia was solved".
In Fascist-Catholic Independent State of Croatia,
Croat fascists eagerly and bestially exterminate Serbs (in the first place),
Jews and Gypsies. Not only did Nazi Croats surpassed Nazi Germans and Fascist
Italians - they shocked them with the bestial methods they implemented.
It was Fascist Italians that tried to stop Ustashi bloody bacchanalia.
Susan Zuccotti:"The Italians and the Holocaust - Persecution,
Rescue, Survival" (New York, 1987)
Nora Levin:"The Holocaust"
The author reminds us:"The Ustashi were fanatics
bent on the destruction of both Serbs and Jews... [They] murdered
and tortured Jews and Serbs in indescribably bestial fashion. One
of the most notorious camps in Hitler's Europe, Jasenovac,
was in Croatia. Here the Ustashi used primitive implements in putting
their victims to death - knives, axes, hammers and other iron tools...
One source estimates that 770,000 Serbs, 40,000 Gypsies and 20,000 Jews
were done to death in the Jasenovac camp [alone]."
R. Marrus: "The Holocaust in History"
While talking about the Nazi satellites, the author says:"The
overall level of violence was highest in Croatia, where Pavelic's
Ustasha movement devised the most thoroughly totalitarian state of any
satellite and pursued a merciless, bloody assault on the country's two
Clive Ponting: "Armageddon"
This historian and politician says: "The
greatest ethnic slaughter took place as Yugoslavia was carved up after
the German invasion in April 1941. The creation of a separate Croatia ...
controlled by the fascist, Catholic, extremist Ustasha movement was the
catalyst for the tragedy... Now, historic Croatia was expanded to
include Bosnia-Herzegovina and other teritories, and the Ustasha were
left ... to govern a population of nearly 7 million people, of whom about
half were Croats, just over 2 million were Serbs, about 750,000 were Muslims,
and small numbers were Protestants and Jews.... The Minister of Education,
Mile Budak, made clear the Ustasha aims: "Our
new Croatia will get rid of all Serbs in our midst in order to become one
hundred percent Catholic within ten years." He spoke of killing
a third of the Serbs, converting a third, and expelling the remainder.
The leader of the Ustasha, Ante Pavelic, said,"A
good Ustasha is one who can use his knife to cut a child from the womb
of its mother." (end quote).
Ronnie S. Landau: "The Nazi Holocaust"
In Yugoslav Croatia, too, there is evidence that officials of the Orthodox
Church [that is - the Serbs] pleaded with the authorities [that is to the
Nazi Croats - Ustashi] to curtail the vicious treatment meted out to both
Orthodox Serbs and Jews.
Richard L. Felman
One of more than 500 American Airmen rescued by the Serbs during WWII
says: "Many Serbs risked their lives during
World War II to save countless Jews from Nazi death camps. This is something
we can never forget and for which I and The Jewish People will always be
Hlinko:"Kaddish in the Serbian Forest" -"The Massacre
of European Jewry: An Antology" (Israel: Kibbutz Merchavia, 1963)
REACTION TO THE CURRENT EVENTS
Some Jews still remember...
shared our fate
"As Jews, we do indeed have a historical obligation to the Serbs"
says Mr. Joseph Lapid, a columnist and editorial
writer for"Ma'ariv" a leading Hebrew daily.
of Sarajevo disappeared during WWII
Says Dr. Alfred Lipson, a Senior Researcher at Holocaust Resource Center
and Archives, Queensborough Community College of the City University of
New York, Bayside, N.Y.
Jews and Bosnia
Professor John Ranz, Chairperson Survivors of the Buchenwald Concentration
Camp reminds us of the basic history of the region.
plan bad to the bone
Dr. Reich, the Director of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington
protests Croatian plan to mix the bones of the Holocaust's victims in Croatia
with those of its perpetrators.
is alive and well in Croatia
Professor Howard L. Adelson says "Today Ustashi murderers are
being rehabilitated and are being extolled as national heroes by
Tudjman despite the fact that they were among the most brutal villains
Serbian soldiers - utterly truthful and honorable
...says Herb Brin, the oldest working American journalist and adds:
"the decision to bomb the Serb position in Bosnia breaks my
Jews and the Balkan Situation
Mr. Alvin Dorfman and Mrs. Heather Cottin
explain how major Jewish organizations got to spread government anti-Serb
Charley Reese: "No sin blots American politics today more than the betrayal
of the Serbs. No one ought to be more ashamed of U.S. treatment of the Serbs than
Dr. Yohanan Ramati, the Director of The Jerusalem Institute for Western
Defence explains mentality of diaspora Jews. How did they alow to be duped.
open letter to the American Jewish Commitee
Mr. Danon Cadik, the chief Rabbi of Yugoslavia, et. al., pleads for
Set your records straight!
Mr. Jasa Almuli, past President of the Jewish Community of Belgrade and past Vice-President of Jewish Communities in Yugoslavia, pleads for
The Serbs had for ever won a place in the hearts of the Jews
"We the surviving Jews of Serbia have for them respect and understanding. We know that the basic motive of their recent
rebellion in secessionist Croatia and Bosnia and Hercegovina were their distrust and deep
apprehension after they have been slaughtered in the Nazi era by the Croat Ustashas and
Muslim SS..." says Dr. Aleksandar Mosic, Former Deputy President, Federation of Jewish Communities in Yugoslavia.
Serbs are our brothers in soul
"A media Auschwitz, was perpetrated on the Serbian people! The Serbs were dehumanized and portrayed as monsters exactly as the Jews were
portrayed through centuries. Do not participate in persecution of the Serbs. They are our brothers. They are people who share the same destiny
with us, the Jewish people." says Professor and composer Enriko Josif.
Minutes...more yellow journalism on Bosnia!
An open letter by Mrs. Sandy Marquette a Jew from Chicago.
European Hoodlum Democracy Will Not Break the Serbs
Dr. Klara Mandic, a senior Belgrade Jewish
community leader explains the Serbian motives.
in the Eye of a Hurricane
Dr. Henry Kissinger reminds us that Bosnia had never been an independent
state and warns us that long American tradition of support to self-determination
has been betrayed.
[ Yugoslavia during WWII ]
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Last revised: March 10, 2003