Dr. Ante Pavelic - Ustashi fuehrer
In the history of the mankind
it is difficult to find monsters comparable to Ustashe, homegrown Croatian
fascists. It was only fifty years ago. Bosnian mountains as well as mountains
of Serbian Krajina are still echoing the shrieks of hundreds of thousands
of innocent victims. They were slaughtered in the most gruesome ways just
because they were Serbs, Jews or Gypsies.
While, for many years during the war, the
apocalyptic suffering of the Jewish people was in a realm of rumor - the
slaughter of Serbs in Croatia was on such a scale that it was impossible
As Professor Dr. Edmond Paris says in the
very first few sentences of the introduction of his book "Genocide
in Satellite Croatia" (published by The American Institute for
Balkan Affairs in 1961):
The greatest genocide during World War II, in proportion
to a nation's population, took place, not in Nazi Germany but in the Nazi-created
puppet state of Croatia. There in the years 1941-1945, some 750,000 Serbs,
60,000 Jews and 26,000 Gypsies - men, women and children - perished in
a gigantic holocaust...
magnitude and the bestial nature of these atrocities makes it difficult
to believe that such a thing could have happened in an allegedly civilized
part of the world. Yet even a book such as this can attempt to tell only
a part of the story.
Some 300 pages of the book are only scratching
The enormity of the crime itself must be
the explanation of the fact that American public knew as early as 1942,
about the Croatian slaughter of the Serbs... In the text below, the author
mentions some 300,000 Serbs slaughtered.
It is a staggering figure having in mind that it was mentioned in 1942
- only a year after Ustashe took power (in what is today Croatia and Bosnia)!
The reference to the shocking truth, so
easily, and so purposely avoided in the daily media, can be easily find
in any major source of knowledge.
For decades Encyclopedia Britannica had
the following sentence when talking about WWII in Yugoslavia:
"...IN BOSNIA... THE CROATIAN FASCISTS BEGAN
A MASSACRE OF SERBS WHICH, IN THE WHOLE ANNALS OF WORLD WAR II, WAS SURPASSED
FOR SAVAGERY ONLY BY THE MASS EXTERMINATION OF POLISH JEWS".
One can find this sentence in the versions
of Britannica from 1971 to 1986.
Encyclopedia of the Holocaust
which, by default full of gore galore, still reserves the harshest words
for the Ustashe. Talking about the slaughter of Serbs it says (Vol 1, Croatia,
The Ustasa regime in Croatia and particularly
this drive... to exterminate and dispossess the Serbs, was one of the most
horrendous episodes of World War II. The murder methods applied by Ustasha
were extraordinarily primitive and sadistic: thousands were hurled from
mountain tops, others were beaten to death or had their throats cut, entire
villages were burned down, women raped, people sent on death marches in
the middle of winter, and still others starved to death...
But, let us, for a second, leave the Jewish
authors who were trying so hard to describe the horror. Let us look at
an unlikely group of shocked spectators:
(Worldmark Encyclopedia of
Nations, Edition 1995, Europe, Croatia, page 91)
The enormity of [Ustasha] behavior
shocked even the conscience of GERMAN COMMANDERS.
Though it looks entirely unbelievable that
German Nazi (and Italian Fascists) were shocked - there are many books,
their memoirs, where they just had to talk about their Croatian allies
gruesomeness. (But the list of those I will post some other time).
"It all may be so, and it is shocking
that this aspect of the current conflict in Bosnia and Croatia is not even
mentioned in the Western press" (the press that claims to uphold high
principles of democracy) - you can say. "But, who cares? That is history!".
(In the American English the word "history" is only used in,
relatively frequent, crime scenes on TV, when someone is just about to
shoot someone. The sentence repeated in the occasion is: "You are
The problem with history (whether you like
the subject or not) is that it tends to repeat itself. Today's Independent
State of Croatia is the copy of the Nazi puppet state of some fifty years
ago. The country has the same: name, flag, national emblem, national anthem,
currency, uniforms (black shirts). The state sponsored atrocities toward
Serbian civilians (in the areas of Croatia where Serbs were not majority
and thus could not defend themselves) is the same.
Encyclopedia Britannica, Edition 1943, Vol
23, page 923 (Yugoslavia and war) describes the flag of the Croatian Ustashe:
"The new flag of Croatia consists of three broad stripes, red, white
and blue, and superimposed upon them a shield of checkered red and white
Open then any new book that shows the international
flags (or stroll in front of the United Nations and check the flags there)
and you will easily recognize the Ustasha flag of the Nazi time.
Why are then the Serbs, the survivors of
the gruesome genocide, defending their houses, their own property, THEIR
RIGHT TO EXIST, on the land where they were (AND ARE) majority population
for last (minimum) FIVE centuries - repeatedly called (by the "democratic"
For anyone who cares about Democracy - should
ask that question. Could it be because Nazi, by tens of thousands, were,
with help and with knowledge of American institutions found its safe haven
right here - in America? They were proclaimed to be "freedom fighters"
and got top jobs in institutions like CIA. (You should read the recent
book: "Unholy Trinity" by Mark Aarons and John Loftus St. Martin's
Press, 370 pages, ISBN 0-312-07111-6. It gives a detailed and well documented
description of the connection between Croatian clergy and Nazis of the
world. The clergy played the the key role in infamous ratlines - the channel
of smuggling Nazis out of Europe. Needles to say ALL Croatian fascists,
ALL IMPORTANT USTASHE escaped justice. And they, and their offspring, are
quite active in todays events).
Sorry is the state of the world we live
in - the world lead by "democratic" America...
BIOGRAPHY, Who's News and Why, 1942
Editor Maxine Block.
Published by: H.W. Wilson Company,
New York, N.Y. 1942
QUOTE: Pages 651, 652 and 653.
PAVELIC ANTE (pa've-lich an'te)
May 19, 1869
Leader of the Croat state
Address: Zagreb, Croatia
The Serbian guerrilla organization led by
General Draja Mikhailovitch at one time issued a list of people destined
for death by assassination. First on their list was Dr. Ante Pavelic. Pavelic's
name also heads two other lists: that of Hitler's foreign friends and that
of outstanding traitors of their countries, the so-called Quislings.
Born in Gospic (in what today is Yugoslavia)
on May 19, 1869, the son of Lovro Pavelic, a merchant, Ante studied medicine
and received his M. D...
...In 1906 he served in the population
department of Sabor and at the same time started his political career as
president of the Croatian Conservative Party. After Yugoslavia was united
he became vice-president of the Narodno Vijece (people's council) and
then president of the Democratic Party in Zagreb.
In January 1932
Pavelic was elected president of the Senate of the Yugoslavian kingdom
and of the Yugoslavian-Czechoslovakian League. It
has never been determined what part he played in the assassination of King
Alexander I of Yugoslavia and French Foreign Minister Louis Batthou in
March 1934 at Marseilles, but it is certain that he had a hand in it and
it is generally assumed that he acted in the interests of Mussolini.
Evading justice, Ante Favelic fled to Italy, which sheltered him for seven
years and refused to expel him for a French trial. In absentia, though,
he was sentenced to death.
During the next few years Dr. Pavelic vanished
from the news only to reappear the more conspicuously as the "dark
treacherous terrorist" who helped invading Nazis in 1941 to carve
up Yugoslavia. It was he who, in April that same year, directed the Croat
evolution of the Ustashe (rebels), "a band of rapacious Croatian schemers
who hated Serbs, Jews, and Croatia's own peasants for years and platted
with Italian, Hungarian, and German money to split Yugoslavia and bring
the Ustashe to power." And it was this revolution that exposed the
Yugoslavian Army's flank and rear and led to Yugoslavia's defeat.
With the help of his friend, General Sladko
Kvaternik, Pavelic proclaimed Croatia an independent state on April 15,
1941. Dispatches from Nazi-controlled Hungary described him as President
and Kvaternik as his Premier. The new
state was composed of Bosnia, Herzegovina and Dalmatia as well as the old
Croat province. In a note to Mussolini and Hitler, Pavelic asked for recognition
of "the independent state of Croatia." Both dictators informed
the Croat leader that in the name of the Axis powers the recognition sought
not only was cheerfully granted but that both powers received "with
joy and satisfaction" the news that the Croat people had won their
struggle for independence in an hour when the Axis powers had demolished
the artificial creation which once was Yugoslavia.
One of Dr. Pavelic's first acts was the
baning of all political parties and the prohibition of all public meetings.
To pay his debt of gratitude to Italy, the self-styled chief of the Croat
national government convinced his followers that a king of Croatia, preferably
an Italian prince, would lead the little state to new heights. The last
monarch to wear the crown -- golden clover leaves surmounted by a cross
and an apple -- had been Croatia's King Petrus, who died in battle in 1097.
Since then the state had always been under foreign domination, most of
the time Hungarian. On May 17 Pavelic went to Rome to formalize the offer
of the throne.
The kingdom was offered to Aimone, Duke
of Spoleto, married to Irene, Princess of Greece, and cousin of King Victor
Emmanuel of Italy. In a ten-minute ceremony, blessed by Victor Emmanuel
and Benito Mussolini, Duke Aimone was presented with the Zvonimir crown.
(The crown was named for Demetrius Zvonimir, crowned by a papal legate
in Split in 1076. Thirteen years later the Croats killed him because they
thought he had sold out to Rome.)
In order that the new king might not feel
deprived of an official ceremony, Dr. Pavelic ordered the building of a
new cathedral in Banjaluka. Zagreb, the old capital, had been abandoned
in favor of Banjaluka because of the latter's more central location in
the newly created state. Mussolini was pleased by all this, and, believing
that the new kingdom would be an Italian puppet, agreed to the inclusion
of Dalmatia in Croatia. He was unaware that four days before Pavelic's
offer to the King he had concluded an agreement with the Nazis. The Italian
press was full of articles about the forthcoming coronation in southern
Bosnia, full of Italy's great political triumph. But when Italian commercial
delegates arrived in Zagreb early in June they found there were no Croatian
exports to negotiate about -- on May 30 a commercial agreement between
Germany and Croatia had been signed. Finally Count Ciano received a note
from the German envoy in Zagreb suggesting he coronation be postponed until
after the War. In a rage, Mussolini threatened to occupy Dalmatia by force.
On June 6, 1941 Pavelic was received by
Hitler in Berchtesgaden for a two-hour conference. Witnesses at the meeting
were Marshal Hermann Goring and Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop.
The talk was one of a series of several carefully guarded diplomatic negotiations
between Axis and Balkan leaders. The topic of the conversation was never
disclosed, but it was believed that Pavelic asked for a guarantee of independence
and was promised that Italy would do nothing drastic. Afterward Pavelic
presented the Fuhrer with a flag from the Seven Years' War and a chess
set, both formerly belonging to King Frederic the Great.
Barely returned from Germany, Dr. Pavelic,
went to Venice for the induction of Croatia into the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo
military alliance. On June 15 he put his signature to a protocol giving
his country the right to be represented at any tripartite discussion which
might affect Croatia. Replying to Count Ciano's address of welcome,
Pavelic was quoted as saying: "Croatia gives its full adherence to
the principles and reasons which inspire a united front for creation of
a new order in the European and Asiatic World. Croatia's induction into
the military alliance of the Axis powers had immediate effect on its Jewish
problem." Dr. Ante Pavelic announced that it would be solved "in
a radical way un der the German order." Also ordered by Hitler to
put a "river of blood"
between the Serbian and Croatian nations, Pavelic
did so by carrying out the slaughter of some 300,000 Serbs living in Croatia
and the destruction of scores of their communities.
In August 1941, when the Nazi armies were
fully engaged in Russia, Mussolini shipped two divisions to Dalmatia and
occupied it, saying that he had to protect the shores of Italy's domestic
sea from guerrillas. He then bombarded Hitler with notes demanding the
partition of Croatia...
Pavelic, "a movie producer's dream of a Balkan terrorist, is a short,
blocky, grim,unsmiling man, with a knobby face and insulting eye."
He has three children who live with their mother and who have spent
most of their lives in secret hiding places, while their father was "out
hunting kings or conspiring in cellars or dodging gendarmes.".
Lit Digest 120:12 N 30 `35 por
N Y Times p6 My 14 `41
Newsweek 17:25 My 26 `41; 19:41 My 4 '42 por
Who's Who in Central - and East-Europe 1937.
The web site devoted to study of Ustashas and their leader Dr. Ante Pavelic
[ Yugoslavia during WWII ]
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Last revised: March 25, 1997