This is an
old CIA recipe on how to topple democratically elected government.
The participants, ex-CIA agents, now in their late seventies, used the
last chance to tell us what they were doing almost half a century ago in
Guatemala. The model was so successful that it is used, with minor
changes, even today. You will find striking similarities in what have happened
in Guatemala in early 1950's - with what is happening today in Kosovo.
Notice the use of "Human Rights" pretext.
PBS Series on history of CIA
Before we get to word-by-word transcript
portion of this text, let us briefly retell you the introduction part of
the Guatemala story:
CIA made the first steps soon after the
end of WWII. One of the first tasks was to fend off possible win of Communists
in the elections in Italy. Next was to topple democratically elected President
of Iran, Mossadegh, who dared nationalize the main asset of Iran - OIL.
Britain and USA worked together to put hand-picked candidate, a figure
head - Shah Resa Pahlavi - a person who would reverse the nationalization.
The cue was successful. Soon, western news reels, presented in theaters
before a show would brag: "Iranian oil may again flow - Westward!"
One of the participants in undoing Iranian
democracy was Roosevelt's grandson Kermit Roosevelt.
The next task was Guatemala.
news reels, the country was presented as a happy Banana Land. Local folks
were working hard for profit to the American United Fruit company. Democracy
is at its peak when money flows into pockets of the American super rich.
- disaster! In second democratic elections in Guatemalan history Guatemalans
elected Jacobo Arbens (spell?)
Aired on PBS: The history of American intelligence
"Arbens was trying to nationalize his country's greatest economic
asset - plantations of United Fruit. The company lobbyists, well positioned
in the government, started lobbying Eisenhower's Administration to intervene."
Diagram showing people who were connected
to United Fruit has among others: John Foster Dulles - American Secretary
of State, Allen Dulles - Director of CIA...
News reel shows Allen Dulles, Director of
CIA saying: "A Communist influence has come into position to dominate
militarily a Central American area. All the way - Guatemalan has made gestures
against its neighbors which they deemed to be threatening and which lead
them to APPEAL FOR AID."
Roettinger, former CIA officer: "Arbens wanted Guatemala
for Guatemalans. He was no Communist..."
"Philip Roettinger was CIA officer assigned to the case of Guatemala."
Roettinger: "They knew they could not convince Eisenhower
to topple Arbens just for United Fruit - so they told him Arbens was a
Communist... And Eisenhower was a dedicated anti-Communist. The word was:
"The agency's plan for Guatemala:
Select a new leader acceptable for Washington. Device a strategy of PSYCHOLOGICAL
WARFARE. Back it up with a small rebel army and airforce. Then - invade!."
Roettinger: "Then we went to Tegucigalpa
(Honduras) and set a little office, our little safe-house, to train a group
of Guatemalan exiles who were discontented with their lot in Guatemala
and who have left Guatemala and went to Honduras. I had a sneaking idea,
at that time - our little army would certainly NOT be the key to this whole
thing. There must be something else that is going on - which I, of course,
would have found out later...
had there, in Tegucigalpa, our hand-picked candidate for new President
of Guatemala. When I have first met this little guy - I was
staggered. I said: 'You mean to make this little fox-faced guy, nervous
little fellow - President of Guatemala!?"
A photograph on the screen shows American
hand-picked "democrat" in typical Hitleresque pose, with chin
up and hands crossed on the chest. If one briefly looked at the photograph
- the person would be convinced that it was Adolf Hitler himself. Only
the copy of the mustache was not so good: Instead of looking as a perfect
bar - from the bottom angle of the photographer - it looked as a letter
"CIA's choice to run Guatemala was Castillo
Armas. Three years earlier, Armas had unsuccessfully tried to overthrow
Guatemalan government. Now, with CIA backing he was ready to try again."
Roettinger: "And off they went. We send these guys into
Guatemala and they run into Guatemalan army patrol and quit - right on
"With rebel troops stalled on the border the cue was in danger of
collapsing. It was then that CIA turned to Eisenhower for additional air
support. What was President Eisenhower's reaction?"
Roettinger: "Of course he authorized the operation at
a crucial point when we needed 3 or 4 aircraft. He personally authorized
their movement to Guatemala. We had three old U.S.
fighters: two P37s and a P38. They had American pilots which was not to
be revealed, of course. And they flew to Guatemala city and straffed the
military playground, dropped leaflets and few bombs. I do not think
they hurt anybody but they surely scared bunch of people and gave impression
of that there was a military attack against the government of Guatemala
- which, of course - there was not."
"Crucial to the success of the
CIA engineered attack was PROPAGANDA. Signs have appeared
threatening death to supporters of President Arbens.
At the same time CIA officers beamed deceptive
radio reports of war and upheaval in the country."
Radio recording (translated from Spanish):
"The Liberation movement commanded
by Colonel Castillo Armas has one great historic mission to fulfill: To
serve the nation by fighting vigilantly to maintain HUMAN
operative: " In overall environment my principal job
was that of a chief of propaganda force, i.e. creating broadcasts, the
leaflets. Creating a climate of fear and apprehension that would precede
a small scale invasion that was run by Colonel Castillo Armas."
Atlee Phillips, former Chief CIA Western Hemisphere: "In
the beginning, at least, all propagandists know Mr. Goebbel's rule: If
you gonna tell me Big Lies - wait until the time comes.
In the beginning this
radio station gained credibility. They never broadcasted anything untrue.
It would say, for instance: "We can not confirm the report that there
had been a battle at Escipuplos and that there were 5,000 dead. We do not
have facts one way or another"... But there would be a word spread
that there must have been a tremendous battle." The radio would say
to the commander "Please send us 500 soldiers." Commander X would
reply: "I cannot send you 500 soldiers. All I can spare is 300 soldiers."...
In fact - there was
NO commander X and there were NOT EVEN 3 (THREE) soldiers..."
(end of Mr. Phillips' quote)
"Isolated in the national Palace
and shaken by CIA campaign against him, Arbens, the legally elected President
of Guatemala resigned and fled the country...
Armas was flown by the CIA to Guatemala city to replace the remnants of
the Arbens government... Castillo Armas has spoken to the
people (recording of American news reel showing Castillo Armas with American
narrator saying): "The aim of
his government will be to restore the CIVIL
RIGHTS to the people,
to re-establish true DEMOCRACY based on principles of his movement of national
liberation: Truth, Justice and HONEST LABOR!"
David Atlee Phillips: "Eisenhower was
elated. In his own words, said in my presence: "It was dandy!"
End of transcript.
The show continues by participant ex-CIA
employees saying that from this perspective - it was WRONG what was done
to the Guatemalan people and their democracy... But Stalin was still alive,
one added - and we (definitely!) were the guys with the white hats.
Of course - here the point was missed. The
toppled legally and democratically elected President of Guatemala had NOTHING
to do with Stalin or Communism. He was toppled because USA had to have
more open hand in exploiting, LOOTING Central America.
And here was the price of the bananas -
cheaper for United Fruit - but the SAME for the American people. (The narrator
does NOT miss to utter the facts): "After
Castillo Armas, there was a succession of military regimes. Guatemala suffered
30 YEARS of civil war! More than 150,000 Guatemalans were killed and additional
40,000 are "missing." Guatemala got to have one of the WORST
HUMAN RIGHTS RECORD in the world."
"It is on our COLLECTIVE CONSCIENCE."
says ex-CIA officer Philip Roettinger.
What was? The bananas? Why on COLLECTIVE
conscience? Is it one of those things when the ROTTEN FEW do horror and
then idiotic masses should repeat: "WE have done it!"
I say - Not me!