[ Home ] [ Library ] [ Index ] [ Maps ] [ Links ] [ Search ] [ Email ]


Distribution: GENERAL
30 May 1992

Report of the Secretary-General pursuant to Paragraph 4 of Security Council Resolution 752

1. The present report is submitted to the Security Council pursuant to paragraph 4 of Security Council resolution 752 (1992), in which the Council demanded that all units of the Yugoslav's Peoples' Army (JNA) and elements of Croatian Army now in Bosnia and Herzegovina must withdraw or be subject to the authority of the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina, or be disbanded and disarmed with their weapons under effective international monitoring, and requested the Secretary-General to consider without delay what international assistance could be provided in this connection.


2. On 26 April 1992, President Izetbegovic of Bosnia and Herzegovina met at Skopje with General Blagoje Adzic, Chief of Staff of JNA [Yugoslav Federal Army] and Acting Federal Secretary of Defence, and Mr. Branko Kostic, Vice-President of the Federal Presidency in Belgrade, to define the role of JNA in Bosnia and Herzegovina and its eventual withdrawal. This meeting did not produce a definitive agreement and the Belgrade authorities on May 4th announced their decision to withdraw from Bosnia and Herzegovina by 18 May all JNA personnel who were not CITIZENS of that Republic. On 13 May, Vice-President Kostic proposed to President Izetbegovic that the talks be resumed with the participation of the representatives of the Bosnian Serb and Croat communities. On the same day, authorities of the so-called "Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina"announced their decision to form their own army, which would be composed of units of former JNA based in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and appointed General Ratko Mladic as Commander of that army.

3. On 17 May, I received a letter from Admiral Miroslav Simic, Chief of General Staff of JNA, requesting assistance in the safe withdrawal of JNA troops from Bosnia and Herzegovina and particularly from Sarajevo, Pazaric and Zenica. The letter referred, inter alia, to an agreement signed on May 1992 at the premises of the United Nations Protection Force in Yugoslavia (UNPROFOR) at Sarajevo by representatives of Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, JNA, the European Community Monitoring Mission and the personal envoy of Lord Carrington, Mr. Colm Doyle. On 21 May, Vice-President Kostic again wrote to ask me to request President Izetbegovic to order the deblocking of the JNA garrisons at Sarajevo. On 25 May 1992, I received a letter from President Izetbegovic in which, inter alia, he requested that UNPROFOR should supervise the withdrawal of part of the JNA personel and weapons, in accordance with the agreement of 10 May 1992.

4. I have sought, through UNPROFOR, information about the present status of JNA units and personnel in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Given the considerable restriction on UNPROFOR freedom of movement in Sarajevo and elsewhere in the Republic, and the considerable lack of an independent information gathering capacity, it is not been possible to obtain completely authenticated information, but the situation seem to be as described in the following two paragraphs.

5. The bulk of the JNA personnell who were deployed in Bosnia and Herzegovina were citizens of that Republic and were not therefore covered by the Belgrade authorities decision of 4 May to withdraw JNA from Bosnia and Herzegovina. Most of them appear to have joined the army of so called "Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina". Others have joined the Territorial Defence of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which is under the political control of the Presidency of that Republic. Others may have joined various irregular forces operating there.

6. Those who are not citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina are said by the Belgrade authorities to number barely 20 per cent of the total. Most of these are believed to have withdrawn already into Serbia and Montenegro, 6some of them having been subjected to attack during their withdrawal. Others however remain at various garrisons in Bosnia and Herzegovina, especially in Serb-controlled areas, including two installations on the outscirts of sarajevo. A further category consists of personnel who have been blockaded in their barracks by the Territorial Defence of Bosnia and Herzegovina or hostile irregular forces. These are mostly in Sarajevo area, where the latest developments have been as follows:

a) Some 600 to 1,000 [Yugoslav Federal] soldiers are blocked in the Marshal Tito Barracks at Sarajevo, with nearly 200 vehicles. Negotiation on the evacuationof these barracks continued until 27 May 1992, when they broke down following a mortar attack which killed some 16 civilians in central Sarajevo. On 30 May 1992, the barracks came under attack from rocket-propelled grenades and flame-throwers fired by [Muslim] Territorial Defence of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

b) Several hundred JNA personnel from Jusuf Dzonic barracks, a logistic base at Sarajevo, and Victor Bubanj Barracks were in the process of withdrawing from Sarajevo during the night of 27/28 May 1992. The convoy, which has been accompanied by UNPROFOR was attacked by Serb irregulars opposed to terms of their withdrawal and by units of Territorial Defence of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and lost its way. Some elements became separated from the rest; 30 JNA vehicles and their drivers went missing and at least 1 soldier was killed;

7. It will aparent from the foregoing that the issue of the blocking and safe withdrawal of the remaining JNA troops from their barracks at Bosnia and Herzegovina has become linked to other problems which have caused continuing conflict in that Republic and has in particular been complicated by problems relating to the withdrawal of heavy weapons from those barracks and from Bosnia and Herzegovina. UNPROFOR have received indications that JNA leadership in Belgrade is willing to leave the bulk of its weapons behind upon withdrawal, but the leadership of the army of the "Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina" is unwilling to permit this.

8. Uncertainty about who exercises political control over the Serb forces in Bosnia Herzegovina has further complicated the situation. The Bosnia and Herzegovina Presidency had initially been reluctant to engage in talks on these and other issues with the leadership of the "Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina" and insisted upon direct talks with Belgrade authorities instead. A senior JNA representative from Belgrade, General Nedeljko Boskovic, has conducted discussions with the Bosnia and Herzegovina Presidency, but it has become clear that his word is not binding on the commander of the army of the "Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina", General Mladic. Indeed, as indicated in paragraph 6 (b) above, Serb irregulars attacked a JNA convoy withdrawing from barracks at Sarajevo on 28 May under arrangement negotioation by General Boskovic. It also appears that the heavy shelling of Sarajevo on the night of 28/29 May took place on the orders of General Mladic in direct contravention of instructions issued by General Boskovic and the JNA leadership in Belgrade.

9. Given the doubts that now exist about the ability of the authorities in Belgrade to influence General Mladic, who has left JNA, efforts have been made by UNPROFOR to appeal to him directly as well as through the political leadership of the "Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina". As result of these efforts General Mladic agreed on 30 May to stop the bombardment of Sarajevo. While it is my hope that the shelling of the city will not be resumed, it is also clear that the emergence of General Mladic and the forces under his command as independent actors apparently beyond the control of JNA greatly complicates the issues raised in paragraph 4 of Security Council resolution 752 (1992). President Izetbegovic has recently indicated to senior UNPROFOR officers at Sarajevo his willingness to deal with General Mladic but not with the political leadership of the "Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina".

10. As regards the withdrawal of the elements of the Croatian Army now in Bosnia, information currently available in the New York suggest that no such withdrawal has occured. UNPROFOR has received reliable reports of Croatian Army personnel, in uniform, operating within, and as part of, military formation in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Croatian authorities have consistently taken position that the Croatian soldiers in Bosnia and Herzegovina have left the Croatian Army and are not subject to this authority. International observers do not, however, doubt that portions of Bosnia and Herzegovina are under control of Croatian military units, whether belonging to the local Territorial Defence, to paramilitary groups or to the Croatian Army. It is unclear in the circumstances how their withdrawal or disbandment, as required by the Council, can be achieved.


11. Resolution 752 (1992) describes three possible alternatives for units of JNA [Yugoslav Federal Army] and elements of Croatian Army which are now in Bosnia and Herzegovina. They can either be withdrawn or be subject to the authority of the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina, or be disbanded with their weapons under effective international monitoring.

12. International assistence could play a role in implementing each of these alternatives. However, the provision of such assistance would presuppose that the necessary agreements had been made concluded that they would be respected by all parts, aspecially of course the commanders of the units and elements concerned. Such agreements would need to specify clearly exactly which military personnel were deemed to be "units of JNA" or "elements of the Croatian Army". This could present difficulties, given both the Croatian position mentioned above and, especially, the Belgrade authorities' position that their decision to withdraw JNA personnel from Bosnia and Herzegovina does not relate to JNA personnel who are citizens of that Republic and over whom Belgrade no longer exercises constitutional authority. Those providing international assistence would also need to be given details, accepted by the principal parties, of the numbers, locations and armament of all troops to which agreements applied.

13. The anomalous position of General Mladic and the forces under his command who are subject neither to the authority of Belgrade nor to that of the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina, will also need to be clarified in relation to any agreement. It is considered unrealistic to expect that the "Army of Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina" would be willing to place itself under the authority of the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Agreement would instead need to be feasable only in the context of an overall political agreement on constitutional arrangements for Bosnia and Herzegovina.

14. Provided that the necessary agreements were in place, international assistence could take various forms. It could, for instance, consist of monitoring and verifying implementations of such agreements as have been achieved. International military personnel could also be deployed to help build confidence as the troops concerned were assembled and then moved out of Bosnia and Herzegovina or to the locations where they would pass under the Government's authority or be disbanded. This sort of assistence has been provided by the United Nations military observers in the number of recent peace-keeping operations. It has, however, to be repeated that recent experience has indicated that less respect is shown for such an international presence in former Yugoslavia than in other situations where international observers have recently played the rule.

15. In the case of the third option, disbanding and disarming, international assistence could extend beyond monitoring and verification. It could include a role in ensuring the security of arms laid down by the disbanded units or elements, e.g., through a double lock system, with one lock being controlled by the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina (which would, of course, have to be agreed by all the parties) and the other by the international organizations concerned. Although it is not specifically mentioned in resolution 752 (1992), another possibility would be for international troops to undertake the immobilization and/or destruction of some or all of the weapons of the disbanded units or elements.


The above is a brief survey of how international assistance could be provided to the various processes envisaged in paragraph 4 of the resolution 752 (1992). It assumes that those processes would be agreed voluntarily by those in political and operational control of the troops concerned and that the latter would carry out the orders they received. Otherwise, it is difficult to see how the solutions demanded by the Security Council could be achieved.

* NOTE (by Petar Makara): So called "International Community", which is under total control of handful of American plutocrats, destroyed multi-ethnic Yugoslavia in total disregard of all international laws and principles. The vivisection of the country, one of the few founding members of the United Nations, was done in a particularly brutal fashion. It is an excellent example to anyone, anywhere what level of brutality and disregard of life fuhrers of the (newest) New World Order (NWO) have.

Ex-Yugoslavia is (currently) chopped into 5 (five) peaces. These new countries used to be called "Socialist Federative Republics" and are creation of handful of Communists. One of these artificial creations - Bosnia and Herzegovina - if proclaimed independent was to guarantee to spark a brutal, chaotic civil war. That is exactly why it was created - as an excuse for future NATO occupation and expansion to the Balkans.

In the above report, the UN Secretary General, Mr. Boutros Boutros-Ghali describes the chaos that insued AFTER the "good will" of the "International Community" created "Independent Bosnia" - a country that:

  • never was
  • had an arbitrary, artificial borders
  • majority of the population of which -- Serbs (35%) + Croats (17%) + Yugoslavs (5%) -- did not want it to exist
  • had a "Government" that
    • got to power in disregard of even the local - Republic's constitution
    • was not respected by the majority of the population
    • was in control of less than 35% of the land claimed
    • had no army, weaponry or followers to take over the claimed land

Just what was recognized less then two months before this report!? And just who is naive enough to believe that the fuhrers of the New World Order had NO KNOWLEDGE of:

  • history
  • geography
  • mentality
  • disposition of the ethnic groups

The fuhrers of the "International Community" should be panished for the slaughter they instigated. Most of them sit in Washington, DC. Others sit in Bonn and other European capitals subservient to Washington and Bonn.


[ U.S. Anti-Terrorist Task Force: "It was stagged" ]

PREVIOUS   Back to:

[ Sarajevo bread line massacre ]

  Where am I? PATH:

  Book of facts

History of the Balkans

Big powers and civil wars in Yugoslavia
(How was Yugoslavia dismantled and why.)

Proxies at work
(Muslims, Croats and Albanians alike were only proxies of the big powers)

The Aftermath

The truth belongs to us all.
First posted: Feb. 26, 1997
Last revised: January 28, 2004

Feel free to download, copy and redistribute.