Carefully avoiding any facts based either in HISTORY or GEOGRAPHY, without much explanation and as if everything in ex-Yugoslavia happened in a vacuum, major Western media mercilessly repeated daily anti-Serbian mantra. For years. Many years.
The lies were racist and blunt. The Serbs were painted as mindless people who do evil for evil's sake. The message was clear: "These are no humans. Only beasts can do evil without cause."
Then, surprisingly, deep within this dark ocean of purposeful anti-Serb propaganda one would stumble on an island of truth. Shamelessly, the truth would be provided by the very same relentless propagandists!
How dared they publish truth even in such small portion? Even on page 10. Would this truth not refute all the lies and thus ruin the entire propaganda effort? How could they do it?
Were Western journalists not professional in their "craft" of lying? Were they out of their mind? Do not worry. The answer is simple:
TRUTH GIVEN OUTSIDE THE CONTEXT
Here is one example where the truth was exposed but in a very careful way. Here presented New York Times article is an example of truth told, even with a pretence of giving it a historical background. The trick was to present history in short, cryptic way and (for sure!) without context.
We will correct this purposeful omission by providing you with the necessary context. To the original, bare New York Times article we added "green stickers." with few basic information from other easily obtainable Western literature.
Imagine now a reader who knows nothing about the basic history of WWII in the Balkans. How does reading the New York Times article without necessary context influence reader's opinion? What is the difference when the same article is read but now with the historical context present?
You understand now how this - one of the many - tools of Western propaganda works. As Orwell put it (in "1984"): IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH.
For fair use only
* * *
ZAGREB, Croatia - At a souvenir stand in Zagreb's central market, glaring down over key rings, cigarette lighters and T-shirts, hang portraits of a firm-jawed man in military uniform. He is Ante Pavelic, who headed the pro-Nazi Government that ruled Croatia from 1941 to 1945.
When a photographer tried to take pictures of the souvenir stand one morning recently, he was quickly surrounded by thugs from the criminal syndicate that controls the market. Amid invective and threats, they forced the photographer to open his camera and turn over his film.
The episode reflects the combination of pride and embarrassment that many Croatian nationalists feel toward Pavelic's Government and the fascist Ustashe movement that he headed.
Because tens of thousands of Jews, Serbs and others were killed in Ustashe death camps, official rehabilitation of the Pavelic Government is not possible. Yet some Croats view the Ustashe as an essentially nationalist movement and recall that until Croatia broke away from Yugoslavia in 1991, the years of Ustashe rule were the only period of independence in Croatia's modern history. They believe that it is unfair to condemn the Ustashe years -- the word means rebels or insurgents -- as a purely evil period.
Tudjman's Position AnalyzedFranjo Tudjman reflects this uncertainty. Under his leadership, Croatia has taken several steps that suggest he has sympathy for some of what the Ustashe did. This attitude puzzles some people, since Mr. Tudjman was an active anti-fascist during World War II, and his younger brother was killed either by Nazi soldiers or their Ustashe allies.
At the same time, Mr. Tudjman's refusal to condemn the Ustashe legacy helps solidify his support among some Croatian nationalists and among rightist Croatian exiles who contribute to his political campaigns.
In one of his first acts, Mr. Tudjman decreed that Croatia should adopt a red-and-white checkerboard coat of arms that closely resembles the symbol of the Ustashe state. That coat of arms is now part of the Croatian flag.
Mr. Tudjman and his supporters dismiss criticism of this move, pointing out that the checkerboard emblem was a symbol of Croatia for centuries before the Ustashe adopted it. But to many Jews, Serbs and others, it is a symbol almost as hateful as the swastika.
New Currency Adopted
This year, the Croatian Parliament accepted Mr. Tudjman's recommendation that the country adopt a new currency and call it the kuna, which was the name of the national currency in the Ustashe period.
A prominent Croatian Jew, Slavko Goldstein, wrote in a newspaper commentary that the decision "will awaken very deep feelings of antagonism in a not-small portion of the population for whom these associations are extremely painful."
Mr. Tudjman has also named at least two former Ustashe officials to Government posts. As Ambassador to Argentina, he nominated Ivo Rojnica, who was an Ustashe commander in Dubrovnik. A Croatian newspaper recently reprinted a decree Mr. Rojnica signed in June 1941, ordering the confiscation of all radios in Dubrovnik and adding, "All Jews and Serbs are forbidden to walk in the streets or keep their shops open from 7 P.M. to 7 A.M."
The newspaper reported that when reached in Argentina, Mr. Rojnica would say only, "Everything I did in 1941 I would do again." But after several articles about his background recently appeared in the Argentine press, he reportedly asked Mr. Tudjman to withdraw his nomination.
Ustashe Defender Appointed
Under the Croatian Constitution, Mr. Tudjman has the right to appoint five people to seats in Parliament, and one of his appointees was Vinko Nikolic, who was an official in the Ustashe Education Ministry. In a newspaper interview, he defended the reputations of several Ustashe leaders, including Dido Kvaternik, who is believed to have signed wartime orders authorizing mass executions.
Mr. Tudjman himself has made several statements, both in speeches and in written works, that seem to suggest a prejudice against Jews and to cast doubt on widely accepted versions of what happened at Ustashe and Nazi death camps. His supporters say these statements have been taken out of context, but Mr. Tudjman has made no clear effort to disassociate himself from either the Ustashe legacy or sentiments of anti-Semitism.
"I first met Tudjman 30 years ago, and I am almost sure he is not an anti-Semite," said Zarkho Puhovski, a Croatian university professor of Jewish ancestry. "He would only need to say one sentence to resolve many of these doubts, to say that some of the things he has said and written should have been formulated differently, but he does not say that. There are anti-Semitic groups in Croatia, and he thinks he needs some touch of anti-Semitism to get their support."
Mr. Puhovski, who formerly headed the local branch of a foundation sponsored by the Hungarian-American philanthropist George Soros, is often criticized in the Croatian press for his anti-nationalist views, and some of the criticism has referred to his Jewish background.
"The Jew Soros is using the Jew Puhovski to intervene in Croatia," asserted one commentary in the pro-Government newspaper Vecernji List.
Some of Mr. Tudjman's actions suggest that his sympathy for the Ustashe legacy is limited. After a bomb heavily damaged the Jewish community center in Zagreb two years ago, for instance, he allotted Government funds for its reconstruction, something he did not do when a museum of the Serbian Orthodox Church was bombed a year later.
The Serbian museum was bombed before dawn on April 10, 1992. That date was the 51st anniversary of the establishment of the Ustashe state, which included not only most of present-day Croatia but almost all of what is now Bosnia and Herzegovina and even some parts of Serbia, stretching to the outskirts of Belgrade.
Mr. Tudjman has allowed the renaming of a school in honor of the late Mile Budak, who served the Ustashe Government as Minister of Education, Ambassador to Germany and Foreign Minister. But he quietly vetoed a plan to name a street in Zagreb after Mr. Budak.
Some Croats who have no sympathy with the Ustashe legacy complain that foreigners who harp on this theme are being unfair to their country and Mr. Tudjman.
"This is a way of demonizing Croatia and making it seem as if it was the only place in Europe where there were Nazi collaborators," said Stjepan Mestrovic, a Croatian-American sociologist.
But Dunja Sprajic, who works with Jewish refugees from Bosnia, said: "The ruling group, whoever that is, tries to make propaganda that they love Jews and want to help us. But it is so transparent, so childish. When I look around, I see all these awful disgusting symbols, the false newspaper articles and the streets and squares being renamed. This country is in great poverty, not just economically but ethically. It terrifies me."
GRAPHIC: Photo: The refusal of President Franjo Tudjman of Croatia to condemn the country's fascist legacy has helped solidify his support among Croatian nationalists.. (Reuters)
End quote of the New York Times Article.
More than two years have passed since Yugoslav civil wars have started when the article quoted above appeared -- on page 10! By that time this U.S. government controlled newspaper has published an entire ocean of anti-Serbian lies. If tiled together these articles would almost cover one small country.
The main propaganda method implemented was simple and blunt lying coupled with appalling accusations which squarely targeted the Serbian people. The Serbs were presented as mindless mass-murderers and rapists. If any motive for the Serbian struggle was ever given it was - a plain conquest.
"Land-grabbers" that was the label the New York Times attached to the Serbian people. The label was accompanied with a claim that "the Serbs occupied one third of Croatia and two thirds of Bosnia." This was repeated many, many times as NYT propagandists counted on common person's ignorance of the fact that the Serbs are indigenous to both those regions.
Historically the region which roughly covers one third of (Tito declared) "Croatia" was known as Military Frontier or "Krajina." The Serbs settled there (at invitation!) a few decades before Mayflower brought the first white Pilgrims to North America.
Similarly, the Serbs who supposedly "conquered" most of Bosnia actually settled there more than thousand years ago! In seventh century, to be precise. The Serbs were the largest ethnic group of Bosnia ever since.
In Bosnia and Croatia the Serbs were fighting to protect their families, their houses and fields which frequently went from generation to generation for centuries. They defended their most basic human right - the right to exist! The New York Times journalists dared deny the Serbian people even the right to bare existence. Is that not -- by definition -- a crime of genocide?
Again, this appaling crime could be achieved as Western politicians and journalists could count on the fact that common citizen of the West simply has no time to go to the local library and check the facts. "IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH" as Orwell said.
Omission being one of the key tools of NYT propaganda it was crucial not to provide reader with ANY historical background. If one was to dare plunge into just basic facts of Yugoslav history the truth would be crystal clear. During WWII Croats and Bosnian Muslims participated, in large numbers, fighting on the side of Hitler. During that time, which is still in living memory of the people, they committed atrocities so grave that even hardened German Nazis were appalled. The victims whose eyes were dug-out were overwhelmingly the Serbs(!), than (in much smaller numbers) Jews and Gypsies. These people, men, women and children, young and old, were killed only for their guilt - of birth. They were born into "wrong" nationality. The clear intention was ethnic cleansing of the most brutal kind. The scale of it was so vast that Encyclopedia Britannica in all its editions from 1971 to 1987, used to repeat the following phrase:
"...IN BOSNIA...THE CROATIAN FASCISTS BEGAN A MASSACRE OF SERBS WHICH, IN THE WHOLE ANNALS OF WORLD WAR II, WAS SURPASSED FOR SAVAGERY ONLY BY THE MASS EXTERMINATION OF POLISH JEWS"!!!!!!!!
Don't we all know what happened to Polish Jews?
So, here you have it in the whole annals of World War II the suffering of the Serbs of Bosnia is only second to the suffering of Polish Jews!
This should be enough to everyone with simple, basic decency to refrain from simply accusing the Serbs of anything and especially of ethnic cleansing!
The facts do not stop here. The Serbs were also devoted allies to France, Great Britain and US in the First World War. In that war the Serbs, by far suffered more than any other nation. Serbia, according to Encyclopedia Britannica have lost 23% of its population in that war. Twenty three percent! The small nation lost every second adult male in brave fight it put against vastly larger and better equipped Austro-Hungarian empire. The first ally victory of WWI - was the Serbian victory. The first Central Powers country to capitulate in the war was Bulgaria. It happened in November 1918 as direct result of astonishing Serbian break-through at Salonika front.
The Serbs counted on France, Britain and US as their traditional allies and as people who simply OWE it to the Serbs. Instead, these people helped Germany bomb Belgrade for the third time in the same century. Shame!
The world owes it to the Serbs if nothing else than for astonishing bravery they showed in March 1941 when they "Better grave, than slave!" to Hitler at the moment he was at peek of his power. Hitler revenged and the Serbs paid that bravery. Every eight Serb did not survive that war. Hitler and his Nazi evil did not survive it too -- not small thanks to the Serbs whose contribution in saying "No!" to Nazism caused Hitler to make the most catastrophic mistake of his life and loose crucial time to attack Russia. No few Western politician glorified this Serbian gift to Mankind. The list includes President Roosevelt who said that "March 27 (1941) was THE TURNING POINT IN HITLER'S FATE."
While during the war the Serbs were slaughtered by Croats and Bosnian Muslims as if they were cattle, they refused to die like one. Once again the Serbs showed to the world what heroes they are. Throughout history the Serbian motto was that freedom has no price. This is how the Serbs participated, in large numbers, in two anti-Nazi guerrilla movements: Partisans and Chetniks. The Serbs were in impossible situation of fighting German Nazis, Italian fascists, Croat and Muslim Ustashas, Albanian, Hungarian and Bulgarian Nazis all at the same time. The Serbs formed the largest anti-Nazi movement of Nazi occupied Europe - and right away - only months after Nazis conquered and partitioned Yugoslavia in April 1941. By October the same year the Serbs were able to liberate (you read well: liberate!) good parts of central Serbia and most of Montenegro! Astonishing isn't it!? The Partisan army swell to 200,000 people. Everyone who was ready to fight Nazis was welcome. Jews who wanted to fight joined and were treated as equal. Many rose to ranks of generals! While fighting Croat butchers the Serbs did not mind that their official leader of this anti-Nazi partisan movement was a Croat (Tito).
These the same people that Western politicians and journalists dared call intolerant and - Nazi!
So those are just basic facts and if you followed the above links you would find more documentation of the above claims. Back to the main subject of this analysis - the New York Times article. The propagandists must have been concerned that reader would notice the lack of any historical background presented. To fill the void they published the article but, as we have seen they were very careful not to provide the complete truth.
Now that you know more, your keen eye will find many more methods of manipulations implemented in the article but few are quite obvious. Let us name them.
To finish it of we recommend you read the article on Nazi Croat militia (HOS) and on participation of world Nazis on the side of new "democratic Croatia." This would prove that Tudjman and the gang were serious when they revived Ustasha state to the last detail. (By the way, it is not mentioned anywhere in the Western press but today's Croatia has even the same anthem. In their "parliament" they sing the same song they did during Hitler's time). Is is then surprising that they repeated some of the same atrocities (including digging out human eyes). This documentation we still did not put on this site.
The flag was not just a cloth, nor were the Ustasha symbols on their uniforms and arms. They meant it all and the Nazi dream of Ustasha is now true. All Serbs from Croatia (some 600,000 people!) are cleansed. Croatia is today most ethnically pure state on Earth. Right after Germany unilaterally declared Croatia an independent state (and by doing it dismantled Yugoslavia for the second time in the same century) the Croats came with song "Danke Deutschland!" ("Thank you Germany!") What they should sing now is; "Thank you America" as if America was not behind it all the monstrous Ustasha state would have no chance to exist - again!
PS: Many thanks to Mr. David Binder, veteran New York Times journalist and someone who closely followed the events in Yugoslavia since mid 1940's. Mr. Binder bravely published article "CROATIA IS SAID TO OUST MANY." The New York Times published this revealing article one Wednesday (December 8, 1993) deep inside the paper. The article says that by that time "280,000 (TWO HUNDRED AND EIGHTY THOUSAND) CROATIAN SERBS HAVE FLED THE COUNTRY." The article also says:
SINCE 1991, THE CROATIAN AUTHORITIES HAVE BLOWN UP OR RAZED 10,000 (TEN THOUSAND!) HOUSES, MOSTLY OF SERBS, BUT ALSO HOUSES OF CROATS... IN SOME CASES THEY DINAMITED HOMES WITH THE FAMILIES INSIDE. WHOLE FAMILIES WERE KILLED. Many were vounded.
It is quite telling how this veteran journalist was "promoted" after the article. He got to be a manager of New York Times abituary section.
The New World Order knows no mercy.
The truth belongs to us all.
Feel free to download, copy and redistribute.
Last revised: September 26, 2003